IVF, or In Vitro Fertilization, is a treatment that helps childless couples conceive a child of their own. IVF first came to India in the early 80s and has found wide social acceptance since. The treatment is a boon for those who are not able to have a child through sexual intercourse alone.
IVF involves fertilizing the female’s egg using the male’s sperm in a petri dish. In the natural order of things, this takes place inside the female’s fallopian tubes. But in a female suffering from infertility issues, this natural process of fertilization is obstructed by one or more factors.
Using IVF helps bypass these obstructions. For instance, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes are among the most common causes of infertility among women. If a woman with such a condition desires to have a child using her own eggs, IVF is her best bet.
There are also hundreds of thousands of couples that suffer from unexplained infertility. These are cases where the exact cause of infertility is not established even after an extensive investigation. IVF, also known as test tube baby treatment, can help such couples.
Probably the most widespread cause of infertility, PCOS is a condition that disturbs a woman’s menstrual cycle. The first line of treatment for women with PCOS is ovulation induction and if results are not positive even then, IVF is shown to be successful. Women with premature ovarian failure or menopause can also get pregnant through IVF in spite of not ovulating. So if either one or both partners are infertile, an IVF hospital can help them achieve pregnancy.
The best part about IVF is that it is a completely safe procedure with a high success rate with a low rate of multiple births.