Menopause is a major hindrance in the process of conception. Due to menopause, the menses cease, results in the decrease of ovarian reserves, and leads to the failure in production of oocytes. Usually this happens with increasing age. However, there are other than natural causes which cause menopause.
Causes of Ovarian failure/Premature Menopause:
Hormonal imbalance caused by hormonal level changes
Premature menopause before the age of 30
Inability to produce oocytes since birth
Bilateral oophorectomy, i.e. removal of one or both ovaries
Decrease in ovarian reserve as a result of radio/chemotherapy
To overcome the obstacle created by these different reasons, Oocyte Donation is opted for in IVF.
Oocyte Donation Procedure:
Oocyte taken from the oocyte bank and fertilized with spermatozoa retrieved from the husband. The resultant embryo is then ready to be transferred into wife’s uterus. Before implantation, the uterus is prepared for embryo transfer. Hormone Replace Therapy (HRT) is used to resume menses. This ensures that the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus) is ready for the transfer. Post this, the embryo is implanted into the uterus.
The solution to the barrier raised by menopause through IVF is Oocyte Donation which has a great success rate.