Blockage in fallopian tubes is a quite common factor contributing to female infertility. Fallopian tubes connect ovaries to the uterus and are responsible for picking up the egg released from ovaries during ovulation, transportation of egg, sperm and resultant embryo. Blockage in the fallopian tubes creates a hurdle in their functioning making natural conception difficult.
Around 25-35% of female infertility can be attributed to tubal blockage. This can be present with various symptoms.
Lower abdominal pain
Recurrent vaginal discharge
Low grade fever
Tubal blockage can be attributed to a number of causes.
Pelvic inflammatory diseases
Past ectopic pregnancy
Past abdominal surgery
Certain sexually transmitted diseases
Blockages in fallopian tubes can be diagnosed through sonosalpingography HSG or hysterolaparoscopy. While its management depends on a number of factors like extent of blockage, associated pathologies, presence of hydrosalpinx (accumulation of serous or clear fluid), patient’s age and other factors affecting fertility.
In young patients without any other issues, tubal recanalization can be done laparoscopically. However, there is a possibility that the tubes can get blocked again. In all other patients, IVF/ICSI should be considered.
Tubal blockage can be kept at bay with proper genital health, menstrual hygiene and safe sexual practice. With regular medication and a healthy diet, 60 out of 100 women get pregnant after IVF treatment in tubal blockage.