Every normal woman has a monthly menstrual cycle occurring inside her which makes her bleed once every month. The period of bleeding which lasts for 5-7 days is known as the menstruation days. During this time, every normal woman bleeds and the outflow of the blood occurs due to the breaking of the endometrial linings of the women.
When a woman bleeds, it is because her eggs are not fertilized by the sperms, and she is not pregnant. Whenever the woman becomes pregnant she doesn’t bleed anymore for the next 9 months because every time the menstruation cycle nears, the endometrial linings do not break due to the presence of high hormone levels in the body of the woman.
The normal menstrual cycles in a woman occur in approximately every 28 days. A woman can expect her menses to come before or after this entire 28 days’ period. But when this “before or after” becomes so long that the length of the cycle becomes 35-37 days and sometimes even beyond that, then it can be termed as irregular periods.
Though sometimes a woman can be entirely normal and still suffer from irregular periods, in most cases she might have some abnormalities with her fertility or reproductive health for which she suffers from such a condition. Today in this article we will discuss the symptoms, causes and treatment of irregular periods. Read on to know more
Causes of irregular periods
The causes behind such phenomena can be quite a few but that mainly includes the hormonal imbalance. Estrogen and progesterone, the two hormones that impact the menstruation cycle of every woman also regulate the menstruation of women and causes it to be regular or irregular depending upon its influences.
Some life cycles changes that impacts the hormones include puberty, childbirth, menopause, pregnancy, and breastfeeding when it is common to face irregular periods. But apart from these cases, if a woman faces irregular period then there can be some serious issues with her hormones.
Some other causes of irregular periods include emotional stress, extreme weight loss or gain, eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia, PCOS, endurance exercises, etc.
Symptoms of irregular periods
Obviously the primary symptoms include a late periodic cycle of the woman that means the entire cycle can take more than the 28-30 days of normal length and can arrive before or after that period. Sometimes the woman may take up to 2 years to establish a normal menstrual cycle and that could be one of the symptoms of irregular periods.
The bleeding period may also fluctuate and the women can bleed for 2 days or 7 days irregularly which means she is suffering from irregular periods conditions. If the cycle becomes longer than 35 days then it is considered irregular periods symptoms also. The blood flow time and the menstruation cycle coordination is hampered sometimes and it is also known as an irregular period symptom.
Treatment of irregular periods
There are some home remedies to irregular period conditions like you can do basic exercises regularly to maintain a healthy weight or you must follow a healthy diet to keep your overall health alright. Apart from these, there are some clinical treatments available for irregular periods which mainly depends on the cause of the same.
The doctors who treat you for your irregular menses condition would first analyse the reason behind such occurring and then treat you accordingly. They mainly try to better the hormone health to fix this problem and get you back on track. Some medications are provided to individuals suffering from irregular periods to attain normality in their condition.
Irregular periods are yet another sign that your reproductive hormones are out of balance. It is normal for many women to experience one or two irregular menstrual a year as stress or illness can throw off your menstrual cycles, causing your periods to be later than usual. However, if you regularly experience irregular periods, then it would be difficult for you to conceive. So, the first thing to do is see your fertility specialist and find out if PCOS is affecting your fertility. You don’t need to worry if you are suffering from irregular periods as nowadays, there are many fertility treatments available. By undergoing such treatment will help you get pregnant.
The final thoughts
A woman experiences her periods during the years of puberty when she reaches the age of 12-13 in normal cases. But women who have problems with their fertility might experience periods at a later stage that can be up to 16-17 years of age.
This condition of menses keep on continuing till the age of 50-55 and after that, the phenomenon gradually stops and this phase is termed as menopause. In this phase, a woman does not experience the flow of blood, and they get rid of it permanently.
As this phenomenon is a common one, no treatment is required in this case even if that woman faces irregular periods sometimes. But if she faces irregular periods during her puberty and after that then the right treatment is necessary for her to prevent anything big from happening.
In fact, one of the major causes of infertility lies in the ‘irregular periods’ phenomenon and for the fertility treatment, it is one very necessary things to diagnose and treat. Thus, if you or someone you know is facing the issue of irregular periods then do not hesitate to consult a doctor soon and get yourself tested for better results.